What is IUI?
IUI is usually the first alternative used in infertility treatments. IUI is less invasive & less expensive fertility treatment when compared to other advanced treatment options. In this treatment sperm is directly inserted into a woman’s uterus thus it increases the possibility of conception but it can not be used for a blocked fallopian tube since it prevents the sperms to reach the egg.
Why IUI is needed?
It is very useful in case of infertility caused due to low count or decreased motility of the sperm, unexplained infertility, cervical mucus problems or ejaculation dysfunction.
When IUI is performed?
It is performed around the time of ovulation. This procedure takes a few minutes & involves less discomfort.
The average time frame for IUI is about three or 6 treatment cycles, provided all other parameters are taken into consideration or treated.
How IUI is done?
Before IUI, Laparoscopy or ultrasound will be done to ensure that the fallopian tubes are not blocked. Blood and urine tests are used to determine when the woman is most likely to ovulate. Generally, on the 12th to 16thday of their menstrual cycle, IUI will be performed. Sperms are usually collected in the hospital or at home through ejaculation.
After that sperm processing will be done which involves separation of sperms from the other components of the semen, concentrating it in smaller volumes. This takes between 30 and 60 minutes. Here, the rapidly moving sperm will be separated from the slower ones as they are more viable.
The sperm is then stored under low temperatures for future use or inserted into the woman’s uterus right away.