Tag - Gynaecology treatment

PCOS- The new health concern for modern woman

Ovarian cysts are generally non-cancerous sacs filled with fluids which are built upon the ovaries. Most women don’t know their existence until they are diagnosed through ultrasound. Women’s ovaries contain eggs that are released in each of your menstrual cycles. These eggs are contained in tiny follicles. These follicles break & matured eggs are releases.

Women who suffer due to PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), the hormone which is required for the eggs to mature can’t be created. In this case, the follicles are built up with fluid but the eggs don’t get released causing the conversion of follicles into cysts.
Due to this, the menstrual cycle becomes irregular & creates problems in pregnancy. Not only this but it can increase the risk of gestational diabetes,pregnancy-induced high BP, miscarriage or preterm childbirth.
Apart from this, PCOS creates some emotional troubles to women like- mood swings, depression, anxiety, etc.
Common symptoms of PCOS include –
1. Irregular menstruation
2. Extra facial hair or other parts of the body
3. Acne
4. Sudden Weight gain and/or trouble losing weight
5. Dark, patchy skin on the back of the neck and other areas
It is always advisable to talk to your OB/GYN if you find any of these symptoms to avoid future risks.

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Endometrium & Pregnancy

 

A hormone called estrogen plays an important role in a woman’s menstruation & pregnancy. It is responsible to thickening uterine lining each month. When the estrogen level is drop-down, the lining is released from the uterus and you get your period.

Endometrium goes through three phases during the typically 28-day menstrual cycle –

  1. Menstrual phase (days 1-5)

Typical thickness is 1-4mm

     2. Proliferative phase (days 6-14)

Typical thickness is 5-7mm

    3. Secretory phase (days 15-28)

Typical thickness is 7-14mm

Endometrium, the innermost layer of the uterus thus is an important factor during pregnancy. If it is less than 7mm, medical treatment is needed for a successful pregnancy.

In case of the thin uterine lining, conceiving is not a problem but continuation of the pregnancy is sometimes difficult. Fortunately, there are medicines available for increasing the endometrial thickening.

Some medical conditions like cancer, fibroids, and polyps can also cause the uterine walls to thicken.

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